The mission of Neuroscience Institute (IN) of CNR is to promote the comprehensive knowledge of both organizational and functional aspects of the nervous system, and to encourage the application of scientific knowledge to the development of therapeutical approaches addressing the neuropathological problems of the nervous system through a multidisciplinary approach including cellular and molecular biology, physiology, developmental biology, pharmacology and genetics. The staff includes 76 researchers and IN hosts a great number of young scientists with different types of education (biology, medical science, physics, engineering). About 20% of PhD students and 10% of postdoctoral researcher are from foreign countries (Europe, United States, Australia, Asia). All IN sections are either integrated or strictly connected with high-profile academic institutions (University of Milan, Pisa, Padua, Cagliari, Florence, Parma, Trent, L’Aquila, Scuola Normale Superiore, Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento Sant' Anna) and the staff is actively involved in Doctoral Schools in Pharmacy, Neurobiology and Biotechnology. The Institute has a robust and fruitful interaction with private research institutions, such as the Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine, and with clinical institutes (IRCCS Stella Maris, IRCSS Humanitas, San Raffaele Hospital, Padua Hospital). In addition, a collaboration with the European Brain Research Institute (EBRI) is ongoing.